When you take your pet in for his or her annual dental cleaning, your veterinarian or veterinary technician may make a recommendation to take radiographs, or x-rays, of your pet’s teeth based on the initial oral examination. Since dental disease is often taking place under the gum line, dental x-rays often reveal problems that would otherwise be missed.
Many animal patients scheduled for a routine teeth cleaning procedure have additional oral problems, and radiographs allow your veterinarian to view the internal anatomy of the teeth, the teeth roots, and the bone that surrounds the roots. Additionally, the initial x-rays provide a baseline for future comparison as your animal ages.
These intra-oral radiographs are taken while your pet is under anesthesia because animal patients do not know how to cooperate when small radiographic films or digital sensors are placed in their mouths. The films must be placed at specific angles against the teeth with the mouth both open and closed to get the best diagnostic shots, and an animal’s instinct is to chew and swallow anything it feels on its tongue. However, the dental x-ray procedure is very quick and painless and can generally be accomplished in less than 10 minutes when performed by a trained technician.
Dental radiographs help your veterinarian evaluate the health of your pet’s teeth by identifying the following problems not seen by the naked eye:
- Tooth fractures
- Retained deciduous teeth (baby teeth that failed to erupt at the proper time)
- Tooth root abscesses or infections
- Areas where teeth appear to be missing (broken roots or parts of teeth may be hidden under the gumline)
- Impacted teeth (teeth that are wedged in and can’t erupt normally)
- Feline Resorptive Lesions (painful holes or erosions on the surface of the teeth found mainly in cats)
- Bone or soft tissue tumors
- Height of the bone below the gum line
- Bone changes and degree of bone loss due to periodontal disease or some other cause
- Size of the periodontal ligament space
- Presence, or disappearance, of the “lamina dura,” the bone bundle attached to the periodontal ligament
These last four diagnostic statistics help your veterinarian determine the degree of periodontal disease, predict future tooth and bone loss, and allow for a full treatment protocol to be recommended for your pet.