When it comes to canine allergies, any dog can be affected. Just like people, there are a lot of different variables that are involved in the presence of allergies. These variables include where a dog lives, what it eats, what color the hair coat is, what its general health is like and even their genetics. Although mixed breed dogs are affected by allergies also, many purebred dogs have a genetic predisposition to skin allergies. While this doesn’t mean that every dog of said breed will be affected, it just means that allergies are more commonly present in these breeds. Again, environment and diet play a huge role in whether or not allergies are present or how severe they are, but if you’re looking to avoid the problematic veterinary costs and grooming associated with skin allergies, you might want to consider choosing a different breed.
Dogs that are genetically predisposed can become sensitized to allergens in the environment. Both male and female dogs can be allergic to substances such as pollen, mold spores and house dust. Breeds predisposed to developing allergies include Chinese Shar-Peis, Wirehaired Fox Terriers, Golden Retrievers, Dalmatians, Boxers, Boston Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, Lhasa Apsos, Scottish Terriers, Shih Tzus, and West Highland White Terriers. Certain coat colors, such as “blue-coated” Dobermans are also prone to allergies. However, any dog of any breed (or mixed breeds) can be allergic. The age of onset is generally between 6 months and 3 years.